Monumental Inca remains and past seismic disasters: A relational database to support archaeoseismological investigations and cultural heritage preservation in the Andes Combey, Andy es_PE Tricoche, Agnes es_PE Audin, Laurence es_PE Gandreau, David es_PE Benavente Escobar, Carlos es_PE Bastante Abuhadba, Jose es_PE Tavera, Hernando es_PE Angel Rodriguez-Pascua, Miguel es_PE 2024-05-30T23:13:38Z 2024-05-30T23:13:38Z 2021
dc.description.abstract As recent dramatic and numerous examples demonstrate, earthquakes still constitute a significant threat to cultural heritage (Bam 2003; L'Aquila 2009; Haiti 2010; Nepal 2015). By damaging the historical legacy, telluric phenomena affect economic and touristic incomes and alter regional identities and collective psyche. In the Andes, as in other emerging regions across the globe, deficient seismic hazard assessments, constant lack of resources, and inadequate maintenance programs are additional challenges for cultural heritage management. As part of our archaeoseismological investigation in the Cusco area (Peru), we developed a relational database, which seeks to identify, record and inventory seismic damage in pre-Columbian architecture. This work presents the main characteristics of the structure and design of the RISC (Risque sismique, Incas et Socie ' te ' a` Cusco) database and its contribution in supporting the fieldwork organization and facilitating the data acquisition. The collected architectonical evidence constitutes the first large archaeoseismological dataset in South America and will provide valuable complementary data in Peru to regional seismic hazard studies. We here aim to demon-strate that an ergonomic and user-friendly interface has a role to play in supervising and preserving the cultural heritage in active seismic areas. By converting ad-hoc surveys into routine inspections, RISC could become an effective low-tech monitoring system, providing relevant support for disaster risk reduction plans in archaeo-logical sites conservation. We stress the necessity of adopting cost-effective and easy-to-implement tools for cultural heritage monitoring in emerging countries through this case study. Our database may represent a relevant methodological background and template for further initiatives in both fields of archaeoseismology and cultural heritage protection.
dc.description.sponsorship This work would not have been possible without the cooperation of the Decentralized Department of the Ministry of Culture from Cusco and the Geopark of Machu Picchu. We also thank Leo Marconato, Lorena Rosell, Peter Molnar, Sara Neustadt, Fabrizio Delgado and Xavier Robert for their precious assistance during the field campaigns. The authors would like to express their gratitude to H ' el`ene Dessales for her enthusiasm in sharing her feedbacks on the ACoR database as well as to Philippe Garnier for his constructive proofreading. This work was part of the CuscoPATA project (006-2016-FONDECYT) and of the interinstitutional agreement between IRD (Institut de Recherche pour le D ' eveloppement) and INGEMMET (Instituto Geol ' ogico, Minero y Metalurgico del Peru). This work has been realised in the framework of the IDEX CDP Risk@Univ.Grenoble Alpes as part of the program ``Investissements d'Aveniroverseen by the French National Research Agency (ANR-15-IDEX-02). The project has received, as well, financial support from the CNRS through the MITI interdisciplinary programs and from the IRD.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier B.V.
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Seismic hazard
dc.subject Archaeoseismology es_PE
dc.subject Database es_PE
dc.subject Cultural heritage es_PE
dc.subject DRR es_PE
dc.subject Cusco es_PE
dc.title Monumental Inca remains and past seismic disasters: A relational database to support archaeoseismological investigations and cultural heritage preservation in the Andes
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article