Global karst springs hydrograph dataset for research and management of the world’s fastest-flowing groundwater

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Adinehvand, Rouhollah
Allocca, Vincenzo
Andreo, Bartolome
Apaéstegui, James
Apolit, Christophe
Arfib, Bruno
Auler, Augusto
Barberá, Juan Antonio
Batiot-Guilhe, Christelle
Bechtel, Timothy
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Nature Research
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Karst aquifers provide drinking water for 10% of the world’s population, support agriculture, groundwater-dependent activities, and ecosystems. These aquifers are characterised by complex groundwater-flow systems, hence, they are extremely vulnerable and protecting them requires an in-depth understanding of the systems. Poor data accessibility has limited advances in karst research and realistic representation of karst processes in large-scale hydrological studies. In this study, we present World Karst Spring hydrograph (WoKaS) database, a community-wide effort to improve data accessibility. WoKaS is the first global karst springs discharge database with over 400 spring observations collected from articles, hydrological databases and researchers. The dataset’s coverage compares to the global distribution of carbonate rocks with some bias towards the latitudes of more developed countries. WoKaS database will ensure easy access to a large-sample of good quality datasets suitable for a wide range of applications: comparative studies, trend analysis and model evaluation. This database will largely contribute to research advancement in karst hydrology, supports karst groundwater management, and promotes international and interdisciplinary collaborations. © 2020, The Author(s).
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Statistics and Probability