Publicación:
Interventions for the prevention of risk factors and incidence of type 2 diabetes in the work environment: A systematic review

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Fecha
2019
Autores
Hilario-Huapaya, Nélida.
Hurtado-Roca, Yamilee
Inolopú, Jorge
Tantaleán-Del-Águila, Martín Alonso
Ugarte-Gil, Cesar
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Universidade de Sao Paulo
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Abstracto
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions aimed at the prevention of risk factors and incidence of type 2 diabetes in the workers population. METHODS: Systematic review of interventions aimed at adult workers at risk of type 2 diabetes published in Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Central Cochrane Registry of Controlled Trials, and Lilacs. Randomized trials, quasi-experimental research and cohort studies were selected; in English, Spanish and Portuguese; published from 2000 to 2017. Intervention effectiveness was evaluated concerning the incidence of type 2 diabetes and a significant reduction in body weight, or another anthropometric or metabolic parameter. RESULTS: 3,024 articles were generated, of which 2,825 that did not answer the research question were eliminated, as well as 130 that did not evaluate original interventions, 57 carried out outside the workplace and two reviews; so that 10 selected items remained. Interventions based on structured programs previously evaluated and integrated into the workplace had a favorable impact on the reduction of body weight and other risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: The effectiveness of lifestyle interventions for the prevention of type 2 diabetes should be based on structured programs with proven effectiveness and adapted to the workplace, with employer participation in the provision of schedules and work environments. © Universidade de Sao Paulo.
Descripción
Instituto de Evaluación de Tecnologías en Salud e Investigación (IETSI), EsSalud. NH-H recibe la beca FONDECYT/CIENCIACTIVA EF033-235-2015 y es apoyada por el training grant D43 TW007393 otorgada por el Fogarty International Center de los US National Institutes of Health
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Working environment
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