Nomenclatural instability in the venomous snakes of the Bothrops complex: Implications in toxinology and public health

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Carrasco P.A.
Venegas P.J.
Chaparro J.C.
Scrocchi G.J.
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Since nomenclature is intended to reflect the evolutionary history of organisms, advances in our understanding of historical relationships may lead to changes in classification, and thus potentially in taxonomic instability. An unstable nomenclature for medically important animals like venomous snakes is of concern, and its implications in venom/antivenom research and snakebite treatment have been extensively discussed since the 90´s.
We are deeply grateful to Wolfgang Wüster for his kind help and suggestions that enriched the manuscript, and to José María Gutiérrez and Gerardo Leynaud for their interest and useful comments on this work. We appreciate the constructive comments and suggestions of two anonymous reviewers. We thank Helena Shobe and Nicole Washburn for improvements in the English version of the manuscript, and Eugenia Lascano for helping with the figures edition. This work was supported by the Programa de Cooperación Científico-Tecnológica entre el Consejo Nacional de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación Tecnológica de Perú (CONCYTEC-FONDECYT CS-031-2014) y el Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación Productiva de Argentina (MINCYT PE/13/06).
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Terminology as Topic, snake venom, animal, Bothrops, nomenclature, phylogeny, public health, Animals, Bothrops, Crotalid Venoms, Phylogeny, Public Health