Ethanol production in a simultaneous saccharification and fermentation process with interconnected reactors employing hydrodynamic cavitation-pretreated sugarcane bagasse as raw material

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Hilares, RT
Ienny, JV
Marcelino, PF
Ahmed, MA
Antunes, FAF
da Silva, SS
dos Santos, JC
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Elsevier B.V.
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In this study, sugarcane bagasse (SCB) pretreated with alkali assisted hydrodynamic cavitation (HC) was investigated for simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) process for bioethanol production in interconnected column reactors using immobilized Scheffersomyces stipitis NRRL-Y7124. Initially, HC was employed for the evaluation of the reagent used in alkaline pretreatment. Alkalis (NaOH, KOH, Na2CO3, Ca(OH)2) and NaOH recycled black liquor (successive batches) were used and their pretreatment effectiveness was assessed considering the solid composition and its enzymatic digestibility. In SSF process using NaOH-HC pretreatment SCB, 62.33% of total carbohydrate fractions were hydrolyzed and 17.26 g/L of ethanol production (0.48 g of ethanol/g of glucose and xylose consumed) was achieved. This proposed scheme of HC-assisted NaOH pretreatment together with our interconnected column reactors showed to be an interesting new approach for biorefineries.
The authors gratefully acknowledge the Consejo Nacional de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación Tecnológica (CONCyTEC-Perú, process number 219-2014) and Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq-Brazil, process number 449609/2014-6) for financial support.
Palabras clave
Sugarcane bagasse, Hydrodynamic cavitation, Alkaline pretreatment, Interconnected column reactors, SSF process