Evaluating Deep Convolutional Neural Networks as Texture Feature Extractors

No hay miniatura disponible
Scabini, Leonardo F. S.
Condori, Rayner H. M.
Ribas, Lucas C.
Bruno, Odemir M.
Título de la revista
Revista ISSN
Título del volumen
Springer International Publishing
Proyectos de investigación
Unidades organizativas
Número de la revista
Texture is an important visual property which has been largely employed for image characterization. Recently, Convolutional Networks has been the predominant approach on Computer Vision, and their application on texture analysis shows interesting results. However, their popularity steers around object recognition, and several convolutional architectures have been proposed and trained for this task. Therefore, this works evaluates 17 of the most diffused Deep Convolutional Neural Networks when employed for texture analysis as feature extractors. Image descriptors are obtained through Global Average Pooling over the output of the last convolutional layer of networks with random weights or learned from the ImageNet dataset. The analysis is performed under 6 texture datasets and using 3 different supervised classifiers (KNN, LDA, and SVM). Results using networks with random weights indicates that the architecture alone plays an important role in texture characterization, and it can even provide useful features for classification for some datasets. On the other hand, we found that although ImageNet weights usually provide the best results it can also perform similar to random weights in some cases, indicating that transferring convolutional weights learned on ImageNet may not always be appropriate for texture analysis. When comparing the best models, our results corroborate that DenseNet presents the highest overall performance while keeping a significantly small number of hyperparameters, thus we recommend its use for texture characterization.
Palabras clave
Texture analysis, Deep Convolutional, Neural Network, Feature extraction