Emerging contaminants, SARS-COV-2 and wastewater treatment plants, new challenges to confront: A short review

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Revilla Pacheco C.
Terán Hilares R.
Colina Andrade G.
Mogrovejo-Valdivia A.
Pacheco Tanaka D.A.
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Elsevier Ltd
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The current pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 has put public health at risk, being wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) a potential tool in the detection, prevention, and treatment of present and possible future outbreaks, since this virus enters wastewater through various sources such as feces, vomit, and sputum. Thus, advanced technologies such as advanced oxidation processes (AOP), membrane technology (MT) are identified through a systematic literature review as an alternative option for the destruction and removal of emerging contaminants (drugs and personal care products) released mainly by infected patients. The objectives of this review are to know the implications that the new COVID-19 outbreak is generating and will generate in water compartments, as well as the new challenges faced by wastewater treatment plants due to the change in a load of contaminants and the solutions proposed based on the aforementioned technologies to be applied to preserve public health and the environment. © 2021 Elsevier Ltd
This study was supported by the Consejo Nacional de Ciencia, Tecnolog?a e Innovaci?n Tecnol?gica (CONCYTEC) and the Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Cient?fico, Tecnol?gico y de Innovaci?n Tecnol?gica (FONDECYT) - Peru. Grant N? 06-2019-FONDECYT-BM-INC.INV.
Palabras clave
Wastewater-based epidemiology, Advanced oxidation process, Polymerase chain reaction, Public health, SARS-CoV-2, Technology of membranes, UV radiation