High prevalence and risk factors of fascioliasis in cattle in Amazonas, Peru

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Abdelkader di Carlo I.
Braconnot P.
Cardich J.
Carré M.
Cheddadi R.
Corrège T.
d'Agostino R.
Elliot M.
Harrison S.P.
Jungclaus J.
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Elsevier Ireland Ltd
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Fascioliasis is a zoonotic disease caused by parasites of the genus Fasciola spp. which cause an important loss to the livestock industry. The objectives of this study were: to estimate the prevalence of fascioliasis in three provinces of Amazonas, to evaluate possible risk factors of infection in cattle and to genetically characterize the Fasciola haplotypes circulating in this area. According to the results the prevalence of fascioliasis in cattle was 90.13% (712/790). Odds ratio results showed a significant association between fascioliasis and the Brown Swiss breed (OR = 2.62; 95% CI: 1.57–4.35; p < 0.001), and with female cattle older than 30 months (OR = 1.71; 95% CI: 1.05–2.79; p < 0.031). According to the molecular genetic studies using the gene marker NAD1, six haplotypes of Fasciola hepatica were found in the 35 infected livers collected. The results obtained in this study are concerning due to the high prevalence presented and it reveals the necessity of a continuing monitoring because of the high risk of transmission to humans. © 2021 The Authors
This study was carried out within the framework of the Doctoral Program in Sciences for Sustainable Development financed by the National Fund for Scientific and Technological Development and Technological Innovation (FONDECYT) and the World Bank Group. CDQ was funded by FONDECYT 03-2018- FONDECYT/BM-DOCTORATE PROGRAMS IN STRATEGIC AND GENERAL AREAS- ?Doctorate in Sciences for Sustainable Development?. JRT, SMC, HF and RT are funded by Contrato N? 09-2019-FONDECYT-BM-INC.INV. Funding for open access publishing: Universidad Pablo de Olavide/CBUA. The authors wish to thank Cecilia Pajuelo, Carla Montenegro and Rocio Jara Vilca for their contribution in the laboratory procedures.
Palabras clave
Prevalence, Amazon region, Cattle, Dehydrogenase subunit 1, Fascioliasis, Haplotype diversity